In August 2009, the death of the popular former President Corazon Aquino forced President Gloria Arroyo and her allies to backtrack on plans to alter the political system. But it also signified the end of mass mobilization politics and the further entrenchment of an electoral politics that has placed in bolder terms the "guns, goons, gold" mentality of those seeking or defending their political dominance.
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Research Article| February 01 2010
The Philippines in 2009: The Blustery Days of August
Asian Survey (2010) 50 (1): 218–227.
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Patricio N. Abinales; The Philippines in 2009: The Blustery Days of August. Asian Survey 1 February 2010; 50 (1): 218–227. doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/as.2010.50.1.218
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