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hypothetico-deductive-reasoning

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Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2000; 627482–495 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/4450956
Published: 01 September 2000
... Consilience: The Unity of Knowledge 1998 the Generality of Hypothetco-Deducive Reasoning: Making Scientific Thinking Explicit Anton E. Lawson L EWIS (1988) made the case that today's biology is essentially hypothetico-deductive in nature. In Lewis's view, biology is not a science in which one gathers...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2010; 724245–251 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2010.72.4.9
Published: 01 April 2010
... about signal transduction and discover the processes of polymerase chain reaction, gel electrophoresis, restriction enzyme digests and ligations, cloning, and transformation. Students also discover the nature of scientific inquiry and practice hypothetico-deductive reasoning. Table 1. A...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2018; 802100–104 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2018.80.2.100
Published: 01 February 2018
... Africa . eLife , 4 , e09561 . https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.09561 Gould, S. J. ( 1997 ). Nonoverlapping magesteria . Natural History , 106 ( 3 ), 16 – 22 . Lawson, A. E. ( 2000 ). The Generality of hypothetico-deductive reasoning: Making scientific thinking explicit . American...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2018; 803203–213 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2018.80.3.203
Published: 01 March 2018
... from what they are taught in other courses. Many students express both themes in their feedback, and make it clear they feel the effort is worth surmounting the challenge. The hypothetico-deductive scientific method is a core component of scientific inquiry and of the nature of science ( Lawson...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2015; 777500–506 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2015.77.7.4
Published: 01 September 2015
... hypothetico-deductive strategy of “the scientific method.” It is important to point out here that hypothetico-deductive reasoning, coupled with induction, is not without problems. First, a logical fallacy of induction is affirming the hypothesis without considering other explanations – there may be other...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2016; 782109–117 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2016.78.2.109
Published: 01 February 2016
...-deductive or hypothesis-driven method (right), and a combination of both methods (left and following dashed arrow line). Figure 2. Scientific methodology: inductivist or observation-driven method (left), hypothetico-deductive or hypothesis-driven method (right), and a combination of both methods (left and...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2014; 765346–348 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2014.76.5.9
Published: 01 May 2014
... 110 eleventh-grade science students, found that only 37.3% adequately understood the H-D method’s logic, and concluded: “school curricula should include development of students’ hypothetico-deductive reasoning abilities.” Not being at the dam, you can’t look at it and know directly. You must test...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2015; 777485–491 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2015.77.7.2
Published: 01 September 2015
... reporting. The shared aspects of scientific methodology include the following: Experiments are a route, but not the only route, to knowledge. Science uses both inductive reasoning and hypothetico-deductive testing. Scientists make observations and produce inferences. There is no single stepwise...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2013; 758598–601 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2013.75.8.15
Published: 01 October 2013
... caused by acid–base transition of spinach chloroplasts. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA , 55 , 170–177. Kuhn, T.S. (1970). The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, 2 nd Ed. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. Lawson, A.E. (2000). The generality of the hypothetico...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2010; 724216–217 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2010.72.4.1
Published: 01 April 2010
..., restriction enzyme digest and ligations, cloning and transformation, the nature of scientific inquiry, and practice hypothetico-deductive reasoning. It's a real-world science connection, especially for the high school classroom. Then use Billingsley and Carlson's lesson, ““Epigenetic Effects of Diet on...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2012; 743151–156 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2012.74.3.5
Published: 01 March 2012
... and hypothetico-deductive testing, the lack of a single step-by-step scientific method, and the distinction between laws (generalizations) and theories (explanations). Each of these elements can be illustrated by the story of pangenesis, but we will begin with empiricism and inference. In...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2011; 735260–264 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2011.73.5.3
Published: 01 May 2011
... area?" (S = 6 × 3 cm × 3 cm = 54 cm 2 ) "Its volume?" (V = 3 cm × 3 cm × 3cm = 27 cm 3 ) "Its S/V?" (S/V = 54 cm 2 / 27 cm 3 = 2 cm –1 ) Whenever S/V plays a role, it may be one of three kinds: Three scientific methods – deduction, retroduction, and hypothetico-deduction (H-D) – are commonly...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2010; 729581–584 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2010.72.9.12
Published: 01 November 2010
... Investigation . One of my major criteria in reading a book on the philosophy of science is that I want it to be understandable without spending an hour per page. Beveridge's book fits that bill, as does Peter Medawar's (1982) Pluto's Republic , where, among other things, the author explains the hypothetico...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2010; 726334–336 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2010.72.6.3
Published: 01 August 2010
... press all student-generated investigations into the hypothetico-predictive format of strong inference, we all nevertheless have observed or directed biology labs in which students are blindly following directions and conducting experiments in which they had no real clue as to what they were doing, why...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2010; 727437–443 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2010.72.7.9
Published: 01 September 2010
... also be useful to middle school or high school teachers trying to teach hypothetico-deductive methods of hypothesis testing in any science class. Although the exercise requires access to a computer, students can work in groups to maximize resources. Group work is actually preferable, as it promotes...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2009; 717397–404 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/20565342
Published: 01 September 2009
..., logical thinking, and methods (such as careful observation and data recording, truthfulness in reporting, etc - Experiments are not the only route to knowledge. - Explanations in science (hypotheses and theories) pro vide a means for prediction. - Science uses both inductive reasoning and hypothetico...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2005; 674202–204 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/4451823
Published: 01 April 2005
... not the same as the question of capillaries. Conflating the two can lead to confusion and substantive error, as my essay discussed. Note an earlier presentation in ABT ("The Generality of Hypothetico-Deductive Reasoning: Making Scientific Thinking Explicit," September 2004, 62[7 where Lawson echoed...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2007; 699525–530 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/4452222
Published: 01 November 2007
... tentative conclusion. The hypothetico-deductive method combines deductive and inductive procedures. Deduction is used to generate spe- cific testable hypotheses from a theory. These hypotheses are then used to make predictions. These predictions, in turn, are tested against the observations that we make...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2005; 674223–230 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/4451826
Published: 01 April 2005
... hypothetico- deductive reasoning and strong inference firsthand. This activity excited my students and peaked their curiosity. Students designed a series of seven experiments that cautiously considered all aspects of the wedding rice myth. It would have been easy to simply feed my birds white rice thrown at...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2004; 668549–553 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/4451738
Published: 01 October 2004
... with "service-learning" (Gray et al., 1999). In my experience, however, service-learning in biology often involves work in which students pursue tasks that are biological, but rarely do the students truthfully engage in scientific inquiry (i.e., hypothetico-deductive reasoning). As biologists, I...