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hypothetico-deductive-method

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Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2014; 765346–348 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2014.76.5.9
Published: 01 May 2014
...H. Charles Romesburg This article explains four kinds of inquiry exercises, different in purpose, for teaching advanced-level high school and college students the hypothetico-deductive (H-D) method. The first uses a picture of a river system to convey the H-D method’s logic. The second has teams of...
Images
The logic of the <b>hypothetico</b>-<b>deductive</b> <b>method</b>, cast as a river system. Arro...
Published: 01 May 2014
Figure 1. The logic of the hypothetico-deductive method, cast as a river system. Arrows in the rivers indicate the direction of flow. Figure 1. The logic of the hypothetico-deductive method, cast as a river system. Arrows in the rivers indicate the direction of flow. Figure 1. The logic of the hypothetico-deductive method, cast as a river system. Arrows in the rivers indicate the direction of flow. Figure 1. The logic of the hypothetico-deductive method, cast as a river system. Arrows in the rivers indicate the direction of flow. More
Images
Scientific methodology: inductivist or observation-driven <b>method</b> (left), hy...
Published: 01 February 2016
Figure 2. Scientific methodology: inductivist or observation-driven method (left), hypothetico-deductive or hypothesis-driven method (right), and a combination of both methods (left and following dashed arrow line). Figure 2. Scientific methodology: inductivist or observation-driven method Figure 2. Scientific methodology: inductivist or observation-driven method (left), hypothetico-deductive or hypothesis-driven method (right), and a combination of both methods (left and following dashed arrow line). Figure 2. Scientific methodology: inductivist or observation-driven method More
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2018; 803203–213 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2018.80.3.203
Published: 01 March 2018
... from what they are taught in other courses. Many students express both themes in their feedback, and make it clear they feel the effort is worth surmounting the challenge. The hypothetico-deductive scientific method is a core component of scientific inquiry and of the nature of science ( Lawson...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2016; 782109–117 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2016.78.2.109
Published: 01 February 2016
...Figure 2. Scientific methodology: inductivist or observation-driven method (left), hypothetico-deductive or hypothesis-driven method (right), and a combination of both methods (left and following dashed arrow line). Figure 2. Scientific methodology: inductivist or observation-driven method...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2015; 777500–506 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2015.77.7.4
Published: 01 September 2015
... hypothetico-deductive strategy of “the scientific method.” It is important to point out here that hypothetico-deductive reasoning, coupled with induction, is not without problems. First, a logical fallacy of induction is affirming the hypothesis without considering other explanations – there may be other...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2014; 769643–647 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2014.76.9.14
Published: 01 November 2014
... by Natural Selection with a Digital Inquiry Activity .......................4:259-H A Simple Inquiry-Based Lab for Teaching Osmosis .......................4:265-H Exercises for Bringing the Hypothetico-Deductive Method to Life .......................5:346-H Students Dig Deep in the...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2015; 777485–491 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2015.77.7.2
Published: 01 September 2015
... reporting. The shared aspects of scientific methodology include the following: Experiments are a route, but not the only route, to knowledge. Science uses both inductive reasoning and hypothetico-deductive testing. Scientists make observations and produce inferences. There is no single stepwise...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2015; 775357–362 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2015.77.5.6
Published: 01 May 2015
... spectrophotometry scientific method To review and practice scientific inquiry. I walk the class through the steps of scientific inquiry. We discuss the terms “hypothesis” and “theory”; the difference between “discovery science” and “hypothetico-deductive science”; the importance of a clearly defined...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2013; 758598–601 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2013.75.8.15
Published: 01 October 2013
...-deductive method: making scientific thinking explicit. American Biology Teacher , 62 , 482–495. Martin, B. (1991). Scientific Knowledge in Controversy: The Social Dynamics of the Fluoridation Debate . Albany, NY: State University of New York Press. McCarty, R.E. (1998). Photophosphorylation and the...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2012; 743151–156 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2012.74.3.5
Published: 01 March 2012
... and hypothetico-deductive testing, the lack of a single step-by-step scientific method, and the distinction between laws (generalizations) and theories (explanations). Each of these elements can be illustrated by the story of pangenesis, but we will begin with empiricism and inference. In...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2010; 729581–584 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2010.72.9.12
Published: 01 November 2010
...-deductive method. The only problem with the latter book is the title; I hesitate to put it in a bibliography because editors feel compelled to change Pluto to Plato. I'll let you read the book to find out how Medawar came up with that title. Sometimes a book's title is just too good not to pick it up...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2010; 727437–443 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2010.72.7.9
Published: 01 September 2010
... also be useful to middle school or high school teachers trying to teach hypothetico-deductive methods of hypothesis testing in any science class. Although the exercise requires access to a computer, students can work in groups to maximize resources. Group work is actually preferable, as it promotes...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2011; 735260–264 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2011.73.5.3
Published: 01 May 2011
... area?" (S = 6 × 3 cm × 3 cm = 54 cm 2 ) "Its volume?" (V = 3 cm × 3 cm × 3cm = 27 cm 3 ) "Its S/V?" (S/V = 54 cm 2 / 27 cm 3 = 2 cm –1 ) Whenever S/V plays a role, it may be one of three kinds: Three scientific methodsdeduction, retroduction, and hypothetico-deduction (H-D) – are commonly...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2010; 726334–336 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2010.72.6.3
Published: 01 August 2010
.... 347) The difference between the average scientist's informal methods and the methods of strong-inference users is somewhat like the difference between a gasoline engine that fires occasionally and one that fires in steady sequence. If our automobile engines were as erratic as our deliberate...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2010; 724245–251 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2010.72.4.9
Published: 01 April 2010
... about signal transduction and discover the processes of polymerase chain reaction, gel electrophoresis, restriction enzyme digests and ligations, cloning, and transformation. Students also discover the nature of scientific inquiry and practice hypothetico-deductive reasoning. Table 1. A...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2007; 699525–530 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/4452222
Published: 01 November 2007
... tentative conclusion. The hypothetico-deductive method combines deductive and inductive procedures. Deduction is used to generate spe- cific testable hypotheses from a theory. These hypotheses are then used to make predictions. These predictions, in turn, are tested against the observations that we make...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2009; 717397–404 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/20565342
Published: 01 September 2009
..., logical thinking, and methods (such as careful observation and data recording, truthfulness in reporting, etc - Experiments are not the only route to knowledge. - Explanations in science (hypotheses and theories) pro vide a means for prediction. - Science uses both inductive reasoning and hypothetico...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2005; 674202–204 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/4451823
Published: 01 April 2005
... not the same as the question of capillaries. Conflating the two can lead to confusion and substantive error, as my essay discussed. Note an earlier presentation in ABT ("The Generality of Hypothetico-Deductive Reasoning: Making Scientific Thinking Explicit," September 2004, 62[7 where Lawson echoed...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2000; 627482–495 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/4450956
Published: 01 September 2000
... chemistry are hypothetico-deductive in nature, examples of the use of hypothetico-deductive thinking in these disciplines have been sought, as have examples of use of the method in solution of practical human problems. The purpose of this paper is to present these examples so that teachers can use them to...