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formative-learning

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Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2016; 786471–479 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2016.78.6.471
Published: 01 August 2016
.... Interestingly, after taking into account the diversity of academic strength in both sections, there was no difference between the sections for any of the measured parameters. Although flipped learning may offer no additional benefit over other forms of active learning, it is far easier and more efficient to...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2017; 796442–449 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2017.79.6.442
Published: 01 August 2017
...Karla Fuller Success rates in non-majors introductory biology courses tend to be lower than those in courses for majors. The use of student learning ePortfolios correlates with increased retention and improved learning. Additionally, when ePortfolios are used for periodic formative assessment, they...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2019; 812120–125 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2019.81.2.120
Published: 01 February 2019
... generate understanding of descent by modification and evo-devo. Specifically, students learn how the same genes, used in different ways, can lead to “endless forms most beautiful” as originally phrased by Darwin himself. With the accompanying guided discussion, these activities also illustrate other key...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2015; 779651–657 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2015.77.9.2
Published: 01 November 2015
.... There is a need for innovative science curriculum and instruction that is responsive to students’ ideas, to help students develop a foundation of disciplinary knowledge that will ground their science learning in later grades. Formative assessment gives teachers an important toolkit to elicit, evaluate...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2019; 815334–339 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2019.81.5.334
Published: 01 May 2019
... and ecological principles for high school students. Caterpillar models are formed from plasticine, a nontoxic, nondrying modeling clay, and are an excellent tool for quantifying relative predation rates by birds, small mammals, and invertebrates. Lifelike surrogate larvae are glued to vegetation for...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2018; 802124–131 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2018.80.2.124
Published: 01 February 2018
... held by students, but few such programs exist and teachers typically lack access to these resources. Experiential learning in the form of self-guided kits can allow evolution education programs to maximize their reach while still maintaining a high-quality resource. We created an inquiry-based kit that...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2019; 81288–95 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2019.81.2.88
Published: 01 February 2019
... robust because they stem from intuitive theories that form a child's earliest understandings of the natural world ( Shtulman, 2017 ). While these intuitive theories are essential for comprehending many events in a child's daily experience, they can make learning the counterintuitive theory of natural...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2017; 794272–279 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2017.79.4.272
Published: 01 April 2017
... the model organism, Paramecium . This allowed students to design their own experimental approaches. We assessed the students on formative and summative levels to determine if they were accomplishing the learning outcomes. Students demonstrated they were successful in meeting these, which included...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2018; 803203–213 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2018.80.3.203
Published: 01 March 2018
... second nature: they readily and continually ask tractable questions even outside their expertise, and find the process of forming hypotheses, designing tests, and interpreting results fairly transparent. At the secondary school stage, the scientific method is often introduced as a series of clear steps...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2018; 80121–28 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2018.80.1.21
Published: 01 January 2018
.... We identify and define five CT concepts within the aforementioned practices that form the foundation of CT: algorithm, abstraction, iteration, branching, and variable. In this lesson, we utilize a game to familiarize students with CT basics, and then use their new CT foundation to design, construct...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2017; 799769–773 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2017.79.9.769
Published: 01 November 2017
... effective learning tool for audience members. In this article, we describe a dynamic and interactive presentation exercise that can be used for either formative or summative assessment, which challenges students to share their expertise with their peers via a unique motivating structure. Students practice...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2015; 779659–668 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2015.77.9.3
Published: 01 November 2015
... every region of our bodies. To get an idea of the types of microbes that form our microbiota and what they do, have students visit the “Your Microbial Friends” interactive. While touring the human body and its associated microbes, they can record what they learn on graphic organizers that are structured...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2017; 79135–40 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2017.79.1.35
Published: 01 January 2017
... recorder, data acquisition system, and microscope, the results obtained, and how these activities could be replicated in a secondary school laboratory setting to increase student engagement and be used as a primer to enhance learning and understanding of biological systems by students. This work aligns...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2016; 786512–514 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2016.78.6.512
Published: 01 August 2016
...Richard D. Gardner All teachers hope that students learn to apply and analyze, rather than simply memorize or parrot back, the teacher's words. One method of encouraging the development of students’ higher-level thinking skills is to give learners practice in identifying appropriate analogies for...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2020; 825348–356 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2020.82.5.348
Published: 01 May 2020
... intentionally intervene to structure learning so that students can process, connect, and reflect to promote deeper thinking; little time for preparation or content front-loading; and finding balance between faculty-led instruction and experiential activities. To address these challenges while teaching a short...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2020; 825341–343 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2020.82.5.341
Published: 01 May 2020
...Kwok-chi Lau A physical eye model made of a water balloon and a convex lens is described. It can be used to model how an image is formed in the eye as well as shortsightedness and farsightedness. The model is unique in featuring a fluid-filled “eyeball” with “intraocular pressure,” making it a...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2020; 825338–340 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2020.82.5.338
Published: 01 May 2020
... biological processes. This role-playing activity was designed to help introductory biology students learn the role of the electron transport chain in the synthesis of ATP. The activity can be completed within a single class period and, when combined with a post-activity writing assignment, can enhance...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2020; 825296–305 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2020.82.5.296
Published: 01 May 2020
... (range: 1–10). Multipart figures were counted as single figures in analyses. We conclude that students are often left with fundamental gaps in their understanding of meiosis due, in part, to how textbooks fail to support their learning through visual representations. Not only do textbooks typically...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2020; 825289–294 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2020.82.5.289
Published: 01 May 2020
... PAST or VassarStats offers quick freeware solutions via the Kruskal-Wallis test without the need to learn coding. VassarStats is simpler to use (there is no software download and no need to learn conventions of data entry or search menus). It also shows ranks and mean ranks for treatment groups in its...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2020; 825279–288 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2020.82.5.279
Published: 01 May 2020
... incorporated portions of the bacteriophage genome into the CRISPR region of their chromosome. CRISPR clearly represented some form of adaptable (i.e., customizable) immunity ( Barrangou et al., 2007 ). CRISPR soon captured the interest of University of California biologist Jennifer Doudna. Doudna suspected...