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evolutionary-tree

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Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2017; 79281–90 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2017.79.2.81
Published: 01 February 2017
...Yi Kong; Ankita Thawani; Trevor Anderson; Nancy Pelaez Evolutionary trees are powerful tools used in modern biological research, and commonly used in textbooks and classroom instruction. Studies have shown that K-14 students have difficulties interpreting evolutionary trees. To improve student...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2016; 787608–612 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2016.78.7.608
Published: 01 September 2016
...Lucas Newman; Amanda L. J. Duffus; Cathy Lee Building evolutionary trees can be an excellent way for students to see how different gene sequences or organisms are related to one another. Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis (MEGA) software is a free package that lets anyone build evolutionary...
Images
Published: 01 February 2017
Figure 1. A Model of the Use of Evolutionary Trees (MUET). The MUET consists of four components. Arrows on the model highlight the fully cyclical nature of the research process by representing how the four components are related to each other for the biologist who reports research with an
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2018; 802144–151 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2018.80.2.144
Published: 01 February 2018
..., organismal, and evolutionary biology. This activity relies on woody plant identification, comparative morphology, and DNA sequence analysis to teach students how to reconstruct and interpret phylogenetic trees. After building separate phylogenetic hypotheses using morphological characters and molecular data...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2020; 825333–337 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2020.82.5.333
Published: 01 May 2020
... education. We present a series of student-centered, exploratory activities to help students develop their tree-thinking skills. In these activities, students use complementary phenotypic and molecular data to explore how to build phylogenetic trees and interpret the evolutionary relationships they represent...
Includes: Supplementary data
Images
Published: 01 May 2020
Figure 2. Phylogenetic tree depicting the evolutionary relationships among the animals used in the “Application” section of the module. The relative branching pattern was established using the online phylogenetic software Phylogeny.fr , based on the DNA sequences for the hemoglobin alpha protein
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2015; 774274–283 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2015.77.4.7
Published: 01 April 2015
... Days 1 and 2. Figure 5. Trees used on Days 1 and 2. What evolutionary phenomena or processes might explain why the camel’s relatedness to other organisms looks so different in these two evidence cards? You’ve identified pairs or sets of animals that are very closely related. How can the...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2019; 818543–552 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2019.81.8.543
Published: 01 October 2019
...Caryn Babaian; Sudhir Kumar A lesson plan on the phylum Tardigrada is presented in a storytelling workbook that introduces the evolutionary concepts of adaptive radiation, speciation, divergence, and “tree-thinking” through narrative, transitional art, contemplative coloring, and data searches...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2019; 813146–150 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2019.81.3.146
Published: 01 March 2019
... formation of evolutionary hypotheses. They can be the basis of particularly fruitful and rewarding learning experiences. Gleditsia triacanthos , the honey locust, is a commonly planted ornamental tree. It exhibits striking structures of defense against – and fruit that point to a mutualism with – large...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2019; 81132–39 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2019.81.1.32
Published: 01 January 2019
... tree building by using databases, servers, and computer programs that are freely available to all high school and undergraduate students and their instructors. Providing students with a guided framework for exploring their own questions with respect to the evolutionary relationships of ranaviruses can...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2016; 783263–265 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2016.78.3.263
Published: 01 March 2016
...Susan Offner A simple phylogenetic tree of the great apes provides many important teaching opportunities, both in the general skill of reading phylogenetic trees and in using them to explore evolutionary relationships. © 2016 National Association of Biology Teachers. All rights reserved...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2017; 797544–551 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2017.79.7.544
Published: 01 September 2017
... wherein my undergraduate class in systematics used dragons from Dungeons & Dragons , much more popular and arguably more exciting fictional organisms than Caminalcules, as models for creating character matrices and phylogenetic trees with the purpose of understanding basic evolutionary concepts...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2015; 772141–144 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2015.77.2.10
Published: 01 February 2015
..., S. & Herron, J.C. (2007). Evolutionary Analysis, 4th Ed. Boston, MA: Pearson. Harlow, W.M. (1959). Fruit Key and Twig Key to Trees and Shrubs . New York, NY: Dover. Kessler, G.D. & Schoenike, R.E. (1998). Familiar trees of South Carolina. [Online.] Available at http...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2014; 767432–435 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2014.76.7.3
Published: 01 September 2014
...Susan Offner New phylogenomic tools have made it possible to construct a robust phylogenetic tree of mollusks. This tree can be used to teach important evolutionary principles. Figure 1. A phylogenetic tree of mollusks (modified from HMNH Exhibit; see text, under  “Sources”). Figure 1. A...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2016; 785385–388 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2016.78.5.385
Published: 01 May 2016
... Press's Reprints and Permissions web page, www.ucpress.edu/journals.php?p=reprints . 2016 Taxonomy systematics nature of science philosophy of biology evolutionary biology Figure 1. Tree schematic (generalized from a 2011 AP Biology free-response question). Figure 1. Tree schematic...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2016; 782141–148 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2016.78.2.141
Published: 01 February 2016
... requests for permission to photocopy or reproduce article content through the University of California Press's Reprints and Permissions web page, www.ucpress.edu/journals.php?p=reprints . 2016 Evolution phylogeny phylogenetics evolutionary tree tree-thinking active learning Figure 1...
Images
Published: 01 January 2019
Figure 6. Minimum evolution tree created in MEGA 6. The Tamura 3-parameter model with evolutionary invariability model of nucleotide substitution was used to build the tree. Bootstrap values were calculated 1000× for each branch. Figure 6. Minimum evolution tree created in MEGA 6. The Tamura 3
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2020; 824241–246 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2020.82.4.241
Published: 01 April 2020
... ecological and evolutionary point of view, as herbivores and pathogens can influence tree population and community structure ( Flower & Gonzalez-Meler, 2015 ) and act as strong selective agents ( Bixenmann et al., 2016 ). Clearly, it is important to quantitatively survey these interactions. Biology...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2020; 823186 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2020.82.3.186
Published: 01 March 2020
.... In another module, students enter mitochondrial DNA sequences for the eight species into a website and build and annotate a phylogenetic tree to determine their evolutionary relationships. The tree convincingly shows that lizards with different traits living in different habitats on Puerto Rico are...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2020; 824247–255 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2020.82.4.247
Published: 01 April 2020
... ( Yang et al., 2015 ). Climate-induced variation in leaf morphology is particularly pronounced and detectable among woody dicotyledonous plants (trees and shrubs; hereafter referred to as “woody dicots”). In this research project, students will collect leaves from woody dicot plants across a range of...