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empiricism

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Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2015; 774284–288 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2015.77.4.8
Published: 01 April 2015
... rationalism skepticism empiricism Materials needed. List of knowledge statements, preferably taken from cited sources. Teacher implementation. The exercise takes 30–40 minutes. The instructor introduces the exercise as a metacognitive study that attempts to answer the question “How do you know...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2017; 799701 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2017.79.9.701
Published: 01 November 2017
... facto science-deniers to think we can vote on everything (including the “truth”) and require that we must honor any opinion no matter how little empiricism it contains. ...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2015; 779724–728 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2015.77.9.15
Published: 01 November 2015
... ................................................. 1:50-I, 1:56-I, 6:433-I Empiricism..................................................................4:284-TT Environmental change ................................................ 7:532-I Epigenetic modification............................................... 8:616-I Eukaryotic...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2015; 777554 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2015.77.7.12
Published: 01 September 2015
..., empiricism, and anti-authoritarianism, is the best guarantor of our social, emotional, and spiritual well-being.” I recently attended a conference in Washington, D.C., where scientists and theologians from around the country got together to discuss the importance of understanding the science of nature...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2012; 743151–156 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2012.74.3.5
Published: 01 March 2012
... description of NOS for instructional purposes ( Figure 2 ). There is growing consensus that students must understand something of the tools and products of science (including empiricism, shared philosophical principles, and the law–theory distinction), the human aspects of the scientific enterprise...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2012; 743145–149 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2012.74.3.4
Published: 01 March 2012
..., or belief that the sun orbited the Earth. (Discussion of related epistemological or other philosophical issues such as empiricism versus rationalism has been avoided in this article as being beyond its objectives and inappropriate for K–12 students.) Learning about the biological limitations and...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2008; 708502–505 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/30163333
Published: 01 October 2008
.... Shepherd, G.M. (2007). John Carew Eccles. New Dictionary of Scientific Biography, 20, 329-333. Detroit, MI: Charles Scribner's Sons. Silverstein, A.M. (1989). A History of Immunology. San Diego, CA: Academic Press. Solomon, M. (2001). Social Empiricism. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Watson, J...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2007; 699525–530 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/4452222
Published: 01 November 2007
... through the dyads with major methods of gathering knowledge recognized by philosophers: authority, empiricism, rationalism, aestheticism, and pragmatism (see Viney & King, 2003, pp. 15-18). I put these ideas on the overhead and we use this docu- ment to categorize the students' ideas. In this exercise we...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2004; 662101–108 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/4451634
Published: 01 February 2004
... could be established with absolute certainty. This bias that philosophers had toward Newtonian physics as the model science persist- ed well into the 20th century, and was reinforced by the development of a school of thought known as logical empiricism (Rudolph & Stewart, 1998). Rudolph and Stewart...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2003; 656405–406 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/4451527
Published: 01 August 2003
...) thinking can then be applied: naturalism, empiricism, logic and evidence, and parsimony. To assess their understanding, assign stu- dents the task of applying a skep- tic's analysis (including relevant evi- dence) to one of their own paranor- mal beliefs. (To make the assign- ment less threatening, you can...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2003; 656462–467 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/4451536
Published: 01 August 2003
... creating it for themselves. In the second part of this piece, Hutchinson discusses a contemporary study on three species of deer mice of the genus Peromyscus associated with chaparral terrain east of San Francisco. He sees this work as in the tradition of empiricism begun in medieval times. Though the...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2000; 624303–307 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/4450901
Published: 01 April 2000
... than negligible. White's theme in this article is that in seeking the roots of modern science and technology, historians should look to art as an important factor because naturalism in art seems to have pre- dated the move to empiricism in sci- ence by a century or two. For example, a comparison of...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 1999; 615330–340 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/4450693
Published: 01 May 1999
... creationists' tactics (Gould 1983). Modern creationists try to appear "scientific" by claiming the professionally discredited but pub- licly accepted Baconian view of science (e.g., inductive empiricism). With this as a foundation, creationists claim that the "unempirical" nature of evolution makes creationism...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 1998; 605374–378 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/4450499
Published: 01 May 1998
... events in the universe are the basis of the method. These encompass practically any phenomena that can be observed repeatedly (empiricism). Of course, re- ligious or supernatural phenomena are precluded because they lack replica- tion-a source of frequent contention between fundamentalist religious teach...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 1994; 566334–340 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/4449848
Published: 01 September 1994
... correspondence: Darwin's gradualism and empiricism. Nature, 309, 116. Rhodes 116 309 Nature 1984 Scully, E.P. (1987). Current issues in evolutionary paleon- tology. Journal of Geological Education, 35, 80-85. Scully 80 35 Journal of Geological Education 1987 Stanley, S.M. (1979...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 1993; 554247–250 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/4449644
Published: 01 April 1993
...- tryside." He sees their work as the dawning of a new empiricism which eventually led to modern science. The differences between leaves of different species were accurately noted for the first time; obviously these sculptors had moved away from the general or ideal image to the specific. Pevsner parallels...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 1988; 506385–388 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/4448770
Published: 01 September 1988
... empiri- cism, a philosophy that's attractive to many scientists. Friend and Feibleman (1937) see scientific empiricism as not limited to sense experience, to direct observation, but also involving ab- straction and reasoning from observa- tion. Peter Medawar (1982) calls this view inductivism-it insists...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 1976; 388495–496 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/4445704
Published: 01 November 1976
... argue that the 'theory of evolution' does not make predictions, so far as ecology is concerned, but is in- stead a logical formula which can be used only to clas- sify empiricisms and to show the relationships which such a classification implies. Similar criticisms are then made of several ecological...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 1976; 388469–496 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/4445694
Published: 01 November 1976
... evolutionary dogma accepted by most of us as part of our training. Peters is equally harsh: I argue that the 'theory of evolution' does not make predictions, so far as ecology is concerned, but is in- stead a logical formula which can be used only to clas- sify empiricisms and to show the relationships which...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 1975; 375309–310 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/4445245
Published: 01 May 1975
... into theoreticians who inductively create models and experimentalists who ingeniously test them. Perhaps the highly mathematical nature of physical theory and the challenging technology of physical empiricism together demand more than a single individual can negotiate successfully in mod- ern times...