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amino-acids

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Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 1965; 277526–528 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/4441025
Published: 01 September 1965
.... Hale Lichen handbook 1961 Lilly, Virgil, Greene and Barnett, Horace L. 1951. Physiology of the fungi. McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc., N. Y. Lilly Physiology of the fungi 1951 Amino Acids in Lichens * Nancy E. Stees, Kennett Junior-Senior High School, Kennett Square, Pennsylvania In...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 1994; 568484–487 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/4449893
Published: 01 November 1994
... Inc. Light Proteins; Structure and function 1974 Schulz, G.E. & Schirmer, R.H. (1979). Principles of protein structure. New York: Springer-Verlag. Schulz Principles of protein structure 1979 I How-To-Do-lt studying Amino Acid Sequence Using Word Processing Programs Joseph W...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 1969; 315312–313 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/4442582
Published: 01 May 1969
...Brother Leroy Copyright 1969 The National Association of Biology Teachers Amino Acid Chromatography BROTHER LEROY, C.F.X., St. Xavier High School, Louisville, Kentucky Since most of the new versions of current biology lab manuals contain at least one experiment on amino acid chromatography...
Images
The hierarchical nature of protein structure. ( A ) <b>Amino</b> <b>acids</b> and peptide...
Published: 01 August 2019
Figure 3. The hierarchical nature of protein structure. ( A ) Amino acids and peptide bonds form a protein chain. ( B ) Backbone folds to form secondary structural elements (alpha-helices and beta-strands) with side chains “hanging.” ( C ) Tertiary structure showing the conformation of the Figure 3. The hierarchical nature of protein structure. ( A ) Amino acids and peptide bonds form a protein chain. ( B ) Backbone folds to form secondary structural elements (alpha-helices and beta-strands) with side chains “hanging.” ( C ) Tertiary structure showing the conformation of the More
Images
The order of <b>amino</b> <b>acids</b> in the proteins coded for by the three alleles of ...
Published: 01 October 2015
Figure 3. The order of amino acids in the proteins coded for by the three alleles of the ABO blood-type locus. Single-letter abbreviations for the amino acids are used throughout. The top line, labeled “A,” shows the order of amino acids in the A transferase enzyme. The middle line, labeled “B Figure 3. The order of amino acids in the proteins coded for by the three alleles of the ABO blood-type locus. Single-letter abbreviations for the amino acids are used throughout. The top line, labeled “A,” shows the order of amino acids in the A transferase enzyme. The middle line, labeled “B More
Images
Bead colors that represent the <b>amino</b> <b>acids</b> in the translation activity. Not...
Published: 01 April 2012
Figure 3. Bead colors that represent the amino acids in the translation activity. Note: The start codon methionine is not represented on the chart, because a special bead is passed out to students at the start of the activity to represent the start of translation. This allows me to explain how Figure 3. Bead colors that represent the amino acids in the translation activity. Note: The start codon methionine is not represented on the chart, because a special bead is passed out to students at the start of the activity to represent the start of translation. This allows me to explain how More
Images
<b>Amino</b> <b>acid</b> sequence for traits.   Figure 3. <b>Amino</b> <b>acid</b> sequence for traits....
Published: 01 February 2016
Figure 3. Amino acid sequence for traits. Figure 3. Amino acid sequence for traits. Figure 3. Amino acid sequence for traits. Figure 3. Amino acid sequence for traits. More
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2012; 744262–265 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2012.74.4.10
Published: 01 April 2012
...Figure 3. Bead colors that represent the amino acids in the translation activity. Note: The start codon methionine is not represented on the chart, because a special bead is passed out to students at the start of the activity to represent the start of translation. This allows me to explain how...
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2018; 80121–28 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2018.80.1.21
Published: 01 January 2018
..., and evaluate algorithms within the context of protein synthesis. As an optional extension to the lesson, students enter the problem-solving environment to create a program that translates mRNA triplet codons to an amino acid chain. We argue that biology classrooms are ideal contexts for CT learning...
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Example mRNA to <b>amino</b> <b>acid</b> sequence algorithm.   Figure 7. Example mRNA to ...
Published: 01 January 2018
Figure 7. Example mRNA to amino acid sequence algorithm. Figure 7. Example mRNA to amino acid sequence algorithm. Figure 7. Example mRNA to amino acid sequence algorithm. Figure 7. Example mRNA to amino acid sequence algorithm. More
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2016; 783254–256 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2016.78.3.254
Published: 01 March 2016
... constitute them. The exercises presented here focus on DNA replication and the translation of mRNA into amino acid sequences, multistep processes that require specific series of events. The exercises help students appreciate the spatial and temporal frameworks of these essential cellular functions. They can...
Images
<b>Amino</b> <b>acid</b> alphabets for binary code conversion. Hydrophobic classification...
Published: 01 April 2017
Figure 3. Amino acid alphabets for binary code conversion. Hydrophobic classification depends on the parameters used to measure hydrophobicity. Simm et al. (2016) identified 98 different “hydrophobicity scales.” T3 adopts the hydrophobic alphabet “VILFMYW” used in Hydrophobic Cluster Analysis Figure 3. Amino acid alphabets for binary code conversion. Hydrophobic classification depends on the parameters used to measure hydrophobicity. Simm et al. (2016) identified 98 different “hydrophobicity scales.” T3 adopts the hydrophobic alphabet “VILFMYW” used in Hydrophobic Cluster Analysis More
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Basic level (“T3 Original”) reference guide. <b>Amino</b> <b>acid</b> secondary structure...
Published: 01 April 2017
Figure 12. Basic level (“T3 Original”) reference guide. Amino acid secondary structure propensity groups follow Williams et al. (1987) and largely agree with other studies. For example, Malkov et al. (2008) produced identical groups except for C and H, which they classified separately. Figure Figure 12. Basic level (“T3 Original”) reference guide. Amino acid secondary structure propensity groups follow Williams et al. (1987) and largely agree with other studies. For example, Malkov et al. (2008) produced identical groups except for C and H, which they classified separately. Figure More
Journal Articles
The American Biology Teacher. 2011; 737418 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2011.73.7.9
Published: 01 September 2011
...Evan Lampert I explain a classroom activity to model translation of RNA into proteins. Students are given worksheets with short mRNA sequences and a genetic code coding phrases instead of amino acids. Students use the code to write a sentence from their mRNA sequences; a "Chuck Norris fact" is...
Images
Photograph of the completed protein bracelet with string and <b>amino</b> <b>acid</b> bea...
Published: 01 April 2012
Figure 1. Photograph of the completed protein bracelet with string and amino acid beads. Figure 1. Photograph of the completed protein bracelet with string and amino acid beads. Figure 1. Photograph of the completed protein bracelet with string and amino acid beads. Figure 1. Photograph of the completed protein bracelet with string and amino acid beads. More
Images
Alignment of two <b>amino</b> <b>acid</b> sequences retrieved from a protein——protein Bla...
Published: 01 February 2010
Figure 4. Alignment of two amino acid sequences retrieved from a protein——protein Blast search at NCBI used in activity 1. (a) The starting amino acid sequence for a portion of the Period 2 protein, also the translation of the DNA sequence #1 from Figure 1 . (b) 3PYP, the sequence retrieved Figure 4. Alignment of two amino acid sequences retrieved from a protein——protein Blast search at NCBI used in activity 1. (a) The starting amino acid sequence for a portion of the Period 2 protein, also the translation of the DNA sequence #1 from Figure 1 . (b) 3PYP, the sequence retrieved More
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Explanation for why the genetic code requires sequences of three nucleotide...
Published: 01 March 2019
Figure 2. Explanation for why the genetic code requires sequences of three nucleotides to create unique codons for all 20 amino acids. Figure 2. Explanation for why the genetic code requires sequences of three nucleotides to create unique codons for all 20 amino acids. Figure 2. Explanation for why the genetic code requires sequences of three nucleotides to create unique codons for all 20 amino acids. Figure 2. Explanation for why the genetic code requires sequences of three nucleotides to create unique codons for all 20 amino acids. More
Images
The Protein Folding Game, simulating globular protein folding and hydrophob...
Published: 01 April 2017
Figure 7. The Protein Folding Game, simulating globular protein folding and hydrophobic collapse. Students fold the “polypeptide” (pipe cleaner) to maximize the number of polar amino acids (white beads) exposed on the surface and nonpolar amino acids (black beads) buried internally to form a Figure 7. The Protein Folding Game, simulating globular protein folding and hydrophobic collapse. Students fold the “polypeptide” (pipe cleaner) to maximize the number of polar amino acids (white beads) exposed on the surface and nonpolar amino acids (black beads) buried internally to form a More
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Chain identifiers ( A ) are used to help students find the general location...
Published: 01 March 2019
for determining which color and size of paper is to be used for making the paper chains. These are the exact same decoders as used to decode the genetic code. The only difference is that A, C, G, and U are substituted for the four shapes, and each amino acid has been substituted with a paper chain for determining which color and size of paper is to be used for making the paper chains. These are the exact same decoders as used to decode the genetic code. The only difference is that A, C, G, and U are substituted for the four shapes, and each amino acid has been substituted with a paper chain More
Images
“Transforming” sequence into structure. Protein structure is largely encode...
Published: 01 April 2017
Figure 1. “Transforming” sequence into structure. Protein structure is largely encoded by the linear binary sequence of polar and nonpolar amino acids in polypeptides ( Trifonov, 2008 ). Polar amino acids are represented by “0s” and white circles; nonpolar by “1s” and black circles. Secondary Figure 1. “Transforming” sequence into structure. Protein structure is largely encoded by the linear binary sequence of polar and nonpolar amino acids in polypeptides ( Trifonov, 2008 ). Polar amino acids are represented by “0s” and white circles; nonpolar by “1s” and black circles. Secondary More