Misinformation, including deliberate disinformation, continues to haunt our culture (NABT Position Statement, 2023). Many commentators focus on individuals who, they contend, succumb to self-delusion and conspiracy theories. Ill-equipped media consumers, they say. Psychological deficits. The corresponding remedy, they imagine, is to teach critical thinking skills and thereby foster intellectual independence (e.g., Dodge et al., 2020; Hofer & Sinatra, 2022). This view seems beyond question for some biology educators and so serves as this month’s Sacred Bovine. My aim, here, is to debunk this widely endorsed assumption and sketch a more productive alternative. And all it takes is a little biology—which was seeded with insights from women primatologists in the mid-20th century. As the tale unfolds, it highlights many subsidiary lessons in the history of science, gender and science, and basic primate social behavior—all related ultimately to the nature of science.

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