Mr. DiGiovanni seems to be making four major points in his criticism of our paper: (1) We are “instigating” a social problem where science and religion are made to appear to be in conflict. (2) Religion is outside of science and, therefore, we should not deal with religion or its effects on science education. (3) Why life exists is a religious question and, therefore, outside the realm of science. And (4) “religion and science can and do work together.”

We will briefly comment on each of these ideas, in turn, and then explain the purpose of our series of papers. First, the evidence that legislatures and/or school boards have engaged in antiscientific interference, for religious reasons, in Tennessee (Scopes, 1925), Arkansas (McLean v. Arkansas, 1982), Louisiana (Edwards v. Aguillard, 1987), and Pennsylvania (Kitzmiller v. Dover, 2005) is overwhelming. It is ludicrous to...

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