For good or for ill, heritage is no antiquarian concern. Preserving one's heritage is not about collecting facts for their own sake, or curating curios for their aesthetic value. Heritage is a tangible connection to ancestors, to patrimony, and thus to identity. It is an inheritance that connotes entitlement and thus a sense of desert. While Cicero may have thought that if someone loses their patrimony, only an individual would suffer (Pro Caecina 26), that is not true if the patrimony of some groups or individuals has been systematically diminished by the heritage claims of others. In such cases, “heritage” has a darker cast, encoding and perpetuating the values of...

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